March 19, 2009

In these sorts of discussions it’s often very easy to forget the most important people : THE AUDIENCE. We can get bogged down in navel-gazing and forget that without our listeners, our viewers, our online visitors, we’d be out of a job. So Chris and I went to Falmouth town to find how are the audience reacting to the changes in multi-platform delivery?


Role of multimedia platforms in Nepal

March 19, 2009

Dinesh Wagle Interview (Nepal)

I have attached above the link about the interview that I used during our group blog presentation to differentiate how vastly contrast the news delivery is in Nepal as compared to the UK. This helped us to put an international angle to it by covering the role and usage of newspapers, radio, television and ofcourse the use of Internet which is defined as the ‘new digital era’. But if you listen to the audio, you will discover how backwards the media sector actually is in Nepal.

Print Journalism must survive

February 11, 2009

Following the rise of the Internet, newspapers around the world have seen revenues rapidly decline as more and more readers get news for free on the web. The rapid decline of traditional daily newspapers has led to increasing concern over the future of print journalism in the era of instant communications.

In a recent editorial entitled “How to Save Your Newspaper” published in Time magazine, the magazine’s former managing editor Walter Isaacson called on Internet surfers to overcome their opposition to paying for news content. Isaacson correctly noted that webizens have gradually managed to overcome their reluctance to pay for music and electronic books. According to Isaacson, relying on Internet advertising alone to keep traditional news organizations in business will not succeed. As he pointed out, news organizations that tradtionally relied on three sources of income — sales, subscriptions and advertising — now mostly rely on advertising to stay afloat.

While readership for news content producers has continued to grow, reliance on only one of these three sources of income has made news organizations more beholden to advertisers. And since much of the Internet advertising revenue has to be shared with search engines and other web hosts, relying on banner ads and pop-ups alone is not sufficient to support the high costs of running traditional print news outlets.

Isaacson has suggested perfecting a new kind of system of paying for content that would allow web surfers to quickly and easily pay small amounts for the content they consume. We agree that a system enabling users to easily hand over pennies for the content they want to see would go a long way toward persuading Internet surfers that paying for news content is worthwhile. But until such a system is up and running, print news organizations, and especially newspapers, will continue struggling just to survive. As Isaacson noted in his editorial, more Americans got their news online for free last year than they did paying for it by purchasing newspapers or magazines.

We also agree that traditional print reporting urgently needs to find a new source of revenue in order to avoid becoming beholden to advertisers, or worse, going out of business. We believe that many of the arguments raging about free news content over the Internet had also been made in the early days of radio and television news reporting.

With the exception of minimal fees that cable TV subscribers pay for basic cable services or satellite radio fees that subscribers in countries like the U.S. pay, the vast majority of people listening to radio news or watching news on television still do not pay a cent for the content they are receiving.

Nonetheless, broadcast journalism has managed to flourish over recent decades, carving out its own niche at the expense of traditional print journalism outlets. However, the current situation still differs from the 20th century emergence of broadcasting. With the advent of the Internet and the “cut-and-paste” culture that surrounds its use, we are seeing more and more of the same content being “printed” and “re-printed” over and over again on countless web sites.

Even though the public has access to more news media outlets today than ever before, the content being carried on these outlets generally originates from just a few sources, mostly wire services and a small handful of influential newspapers. If the public wants to continue to enjoy access to adequate local news and first-hand quality reporting from bureaus around the world, this will simply not be possible in an era where Internet sites merely regurgitate content originating out of just a few resources.

But until web surfers are persuaded that they need to pay for news content, and until better ways are worked out for revenue-generating advertising not to annoy Internet news consumers, the future for news content producers will continue to be bleak. In the end, we would like to see an “easy pay” system established making it easy and painless for readers to pay in small amounts as they surf around for content. But even setting aside the revenue problem, we also worry that Internet news sources make it all too easy for readers to filter out undesirable news.

The traditional role that newspapers have played in setting the news agenda is being rapidly eroded as users frequently only read the kinds of news that they want to read. This is leading toward increased political polarization, as people tend to read the kinds of stories they are interested in or agree with, while all but ignoring events that don’t match their taste buds. Other people are simply becoming isolated, unaware of important events that fail to turn up on their radar screens.

While TV and radio remain important, newspapers have traditionally played the most important role in setting the news agenda, as printed stories tend to contain more content and depth than their broadcast counterparts. If the world is made to go without the wisdom and depth of print reporting, news consumers will be left with a “dumbed down” understanding of the world. A new and practical means simply must be worked out to keep print journalism alive.

NUJ proclaims media job losses as ‘Unjustifiable’

February 1, 2009

National Union of Journalists (NUJ) in Britain have condemned the media industry bosses for cutting jobs of Journalists as ‘Unjustified’. Following the global economic recession, almost all the companies from retailers,manufacturers, traders to investors  around the world have been making cutbacks and redundancies.

In Britain, the impact of the financial crisis has been hit severely affecting major media companies as well. But NUJ proclaims that recession is being used as an excuse by the media sectors to make cutbacks. They have outlined saying there are other various fundamental and underlying problems which has led to the use of newspapers being declined in the past few years.

Journalists highlights one of the main reasons in the declination of traditional newspapers in the market is the failure to adapt quickly enough to advances in modern technology, especially since the advent of the Internet. Timeliness now competes with accuracy, and quality has been compromised by increased use of amateur video and photography, which are often available for free.  Also free online media tools, such as Flickr, YouTube, Twitter and blogging services, have created a phenomenon of citizen journalism. 

Besides that even though journalists have contributed widely in earning profits for the Financial Times Newspaper, they have already cut jobs of 20 Journalists by putting profits prior to jobs and quality journalism. More job cuts is expected to follow from other media companies.

Investigative reporter Nick Davies, whose book Flat Earth News caused a sensation last year for its exposure of the state of British journalism, said “journalists must go public, above the heads of their bosses” in the fight to save the media from destruction during the economic crisis.

The corporations could not provide solutions to the crisis, said Davies, adding that “their reaction now is the same as it always has been, based on prioritizing profit over news values.”

However, Claire Enders, a leading media industry financial commentator, predicted that a third of British regional newspapers and half of all jobs in regional media will disappear by 2013.  To read more please click here

Is this the end of traditional journalism?

December 17, 2008

I found an interesting article on the internet about traditional journalism dying because  of the use of the ‘internet’. This article below highlights reasons about how the  news are  delivered and how it has affected traditional journalism in today’s competitive world. Also how much people rely on the internet for news?

The demand for traditional journalism is dying following the increment in the use of the internet. Journalists are seeing their career paths die right before their eyes.  The technologies have changed the way news are collected and transmitted. People have stopped referring to newspapers and television news. The use of Internet has emerged significantly changing people’s perceptions for news delivery. Mindy McAdams, the current Knight for Journalism in USA, recalls that in 1995 people turned to television for coverage of the Oklahoma City bombing, but by 2001 public demand crashed CNN’s online servers in the aftermath of the World Trade Centre attacks.

There have been an increasing number of events chronicled on the Internet first. The Virginia Tech shootings, the 2004 Indonesia Tsunami and the recent bombings in Mumbai, India were all shown online before television. Printed newspapers don’t even have a chance. The biggest problem is that too many of today’s journalists see working at a local newspaper as an unfulfilling career path. And too many journalists today see online news as a threat to “real journalism,” and have little or no ability to create online news content on their own. Tom McKendrick, multimedia producer at The Age said: “[Multimedia journalism is to] take all the different aspects of traditional journalism and to merge them into a whole package … true multimedia journalism is something where you have lots of different media all converged in one place. You have video and audio and photos and text and blogs and whatever else you might have in there all in one place. “A multimedia journalist has to have a rare balance between the technical skills, the craft skills and the journalistic skills or the news sense.”